Just as Henry Flagler longed to take his railroad to Key West, bicyclists have long dreamt of riding a safe bike trail to the southern tip of the scenic Florida Keys.
Itâ€™s almost possible now.
In fact, strong riders with street smarts and/or on guided rides bike the whole 106-mile-long Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail by the dozen every month, raving about the tropical scenery.
But the bike trail through the Florida Keys is not finished, and many riders â€“ me! â€“ would not have fun on sections where you must ride on 3-foot-wide shoulders as cars whiz by at 50 miles per hour with drivers distracted by scenic beauty. If you read trip reports on Trailink, complaints about the bike trail are as common as is awe over the scenery.
On a recent bicycling visit to the Keys, however, I concluded there are sections that make the Florida Keys a great place to bicycle for nearly everyone. You just have to pick your spots. And when you do, you get to enjoy one of the key reasons I love to tour by bike: You take in the scenery at a slower pace, where it’s easy to stop and enjoy.
Here are recommendations for bicyclists who want to experience the Keys on their bikes but donâ€™t want to bike the entire length or ride onÂ narrow shoulders adjacent to traffic.
Iâ€™ve assembled tips based on my experiences biking and driving the Overseas Highway, information from Florida State Parks and advice from Mark Terrill, biking guru at Key Largo Bike and Adventure Tours.
The Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail will ultimately stretch uninterruptedÂ for 106 miles from Key Largo to Key West. Depending on what you count, there are 80 or 90 miles of that trail completed now, with new sections opening every year.
There are notable gaps. To pedal across the famous Seven Mile Bridge, you face a five-foot shoulder, often strewn with debris, as semis roar by and drivers gaze too long at the view. (Note: If you are on a bike and donâ€™t want to ride across the Seven Mile Bridge, you can call a cab. In Marathon, they all have bike racks, Terrill said.)
The bike trail through the Florida Keys is largely flat, but when it comes to the riderâ€™s experience, it has some ups and downs.
Some sections are more scenic than others. Some are safer and more comfortable than others. And itâ€™s important to note that the entire trail is actually hard to follow, as it regularly crosses from bayside to oceanside and back, or continues on a parallel route not clearly marked and not visible from the U.S. 1.
For those who want to bicycle the entire length, Mark Terrillâ€™s Key Largo Bike and Adventure Tours offers one- or two-day tours and a variety of other support services. He also offers bike rentals for longer or shorter rides and tours along specific sections of the trail.
He has seen use of the path grow dramatically in recent years.
â€œThere are probably 10 different tour companies, each with their own following, that run bike trips in the Florida Keys now as their winter ride,â€ Terrill said. Bike outfitters from Vermont, Wisconsin and Georgia, for example, organize Keys rides for cyclists from their regions.
Terrill said thatâ€™s actually good for his business. â€œWhatâ€™s helping me is that the high-end tours are so expensive, that once people find out about them, they seek out alternatives.â€ Many find Terrillâ€™s company.
For shorter trips, riders can easily plan do-it-yourself tours, as I did in December 2015.
Here are fourÂ sections of the Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail to consider for do-it-yourself Keys bike tours:
Between MM 90 and 80 along the Old Road
For 10 miles, the old state road (State Highway 4A) parallels U.S. 1 on the ocean side.Â Itâ€™s a scenic stretch, but has only occasional water views as it mostly passes through a woodsy residential area.
The homes range from multi-million-dollar gated mansions owned by celebrities (Coach Jimmy Johnson, actor Gene Hackman) to funky oceanfront trailer courts to resorts and businesses. Itâ€™s fun to spend time seeing life in the Keys up close, including places where people live and work.
The bike trail here is actually just a low-traffic residential road and is not clearly marked. (To make it more confusing, there is also a bike lane bayside along U.S. 1 too.)
At two short bridges in this section, the old road rejoins U.S. 1 and bicyclists cross the bridge in a designated lane along the shoulder. While I wouldnâ€™t tackle the long Keys bridges riding in the shoulder (such as the Seven Mile Bridge), these bridges were easy and felt safe. We walked our bikes at the center of the bridges just to enjoy the view.
Itâ€™s easy enough to find parking in this area. We started from The Islander Resort, where we were staying, but there are spaces in the nearby Islamorada commercial district at MM 81.5 .
From there we pedaled south, turned around at the Tea Table Channel , then headed north and turned around at Coral Shores High School. Another good place to start your trek might be from that high school area.
On our 20 mile round-trip on this section of the Keys bike trail, we also enjoyed stopping at picturesque marinas like Bud N Maryâ€™s (MM 79.8) and historic sites, including the interesting hurricane memorial at MM 81.5.
The hurricane monument tells the story of the devastating 1935 storm.Â In 1937, ashes of many of those who died were buried here when the monument was dedicated. Be sure to see the beautiful tile-mosaic map of the islands hit by the storm in front of the monument.
Thereâ€™s a charming small residential area between the hurricane monument and ocean in Islamorada and itâ€™s worth exploring on bike to the end, where youâ€™ll find the Moorings, the expensive resort popular for fashion shoots. Itâ€™s also where the Netflix series Bloodlines is filmed.
We also shopped at the Old Road Gallery (88.8 on U.S. 1 and with an entrance also on the old road), which has gardens and an adjoining â€œRed Cross hurricane houseâ€ now used as an art gallery, which you can tour.
Islamorada cherishes the historic extra-strong poured concrete houses built by the Red Cross to house survivors of that 1935 Labor Day hurricane. Youâ€™ll pass several marked withÂ plaques on the ride.
Around the Old Road Gallery we also admired some of the dozens of peacocks that roam this area.
Youâ€™ll have an easy time finding a place to pause for a snack. Here are a few suggestions: Â Midway CafÃ© and Coffee Bar, MM 80.4, Â which earns 4.5 stars on both Yelp and TripAdvisor; Lazy Days Restaurant, MM 79.8 oceanside, has excellent fresh fish and a spectacular ocean view, and Maâ€™s Fish Camp, MM 81.5 oceanside, for seafood and key lime pie. There are many others.
Located along the way in the Morada Arts District at 200 Morada Way, just east of the old road and bike trail, is theÂ Florida Keys Brewing CompanyÂ opened in 2015. The taproom is decorated in a colorful Keys-worthy way â€” with mosaics made from thousands of bottle caps from breweries worldwide. Itâ€™s a lively place popular with residents. We loved the beer too!
Here’s a Florida Rambler story about how Islamorada is emerging as a hub for activities.
Between MM 71 at the Channel 5 Bridge to the end of the historic Long Key Bridge at MM 62
NOTE: As of July 2018, some sections of this trail are still damaged from Hurricane Irma in 2017.
This 18-mile-round-trip section of the Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail has spectacular views of water and sky, including from the 2.2-mile-long historic Long Key Bridge. The second-longest bridge of Henry Flaglerâ€™s railroad is preserved as a bike and pedestrian path parallel to the new highway bridge. Smooth and traffic-free, the long bridge is as scenic and safe as a bike trail can get. (My husband, who doesnâ€™t like heights, did have to ride right down the middle to avoid freaking out.)
For this ride, you can park at the southern base of the Channel 5 Bridge at MM 71 bayside at a lot for those using the fishing bridge. (One drawback: You almost immediately have to cross the highway as the trail continues on the ocean side.)
The bike path runs along Long Key State Park, and has some good views of the beaches and the beguiling turquoise water.
Once you cross Long Key Bridge, however, the improved trail ends and is just a 3-foot-lane along the shoulder for the next two miles south.Â Instead of continuing, we crossed to the bayside and rode through Little Conch Key, a funky island with old cottages, mobile homes, views of the water and lots of general Keys flavor. From there, we turned around at MM 62 and headed back.
Lower Keys to Key West
From MM 15 to Key West and back
This may be the best section of the FKOHT. My husband and I rode MM15 to MM5 and back in December 2016. Here’s my full report.
What we liked:
- It’s carefree. For the entire stretch, the trail has its own lane, hugging the water on the ocean side, included its own dedicated bridges.
- The scenery. Highlights are a half dozen bridges and longÂ stretches with open views of water.
- There’s a great starting point where you can park and caffeinate– Baby’s Coffee at MM15 — and some good turn-around spots, like Key West Botanic Gardens on Stock Island in Key West.
- Here are the details on the bike trail intoÂ Key West.
Old Seven Mile Bridge to Sombrero Beach
This tourÂ will be about 14 miles roundtrip, but with theÂ scenery and activities, you could spend all day on it.
We always consider it a thrill to ride on the Old Seven Mile Bridge, which is 2.3 miles long, and that’s where you start. (The bridge is currently closed for repairs. When it’s open, park at the lot for the Old Seven Mile Bridge (MM 47 bayside) and ride out to the end at Pigeon Key and back. There’s a $12 admission fee to tour Pigeon Key, which is well worth doing if you have at least anÂ hour or two.)
This part of the ride is open now: Pedal north along the trail for three miles through Marathon and take a right towards the ocean at Sombrero Beach Road at MM 50. You’ll be leaving the Overseas Heritage Trail but you’ll be riding on a dedicated bike path east to Sombrero Beach, which is a beautiful free local beach and well-landscaped park with picnic tables, rest rooms, swimming and snorkeling.
General tip for riding the Florida Keys bike trail:
- On longer rides, flat tires are common because of road debris. Serious cyclists suggest Kevlar-lined tires,Â fat-tire bikes or at least plenty of spares.
- Take special care in crossing busy U.S. 1 and in residential and commercial areas where people are turning into or coming out of driveways. This is the most hazardous aspect of the trail.
- Prevailing winds make a south-bound trip easier than a north-bound one.
- The northern-most section of the trail â€“ from MM 106.5 to 91 — is primarily a paved bike trail separated from the highway. But as nice as the trail quality is, itâ€™s hard to recommend becauseÂ it’s not terribly scenic.
Resources for planning a trip on the Florida Keys bike trail:
2015 map of Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail (This is a large JPG, but it allows you to zoom into sections of interest.)
- Most recent trail brochure (PDF)
- State park website for Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail
- Mile marker guide with dozens of stops to help make the most of your drive south.
- Islamorada: New things to do make it an appealing stop
- Florida Keys wildlife: Places to see animals
- Tiki bars:Â Soak up the Keys atmosphere
- 12 great kayak outings in the Keys
- Top 10 pit stops on Overseas Highway
- Free beaches in the Florida Keys